For anyone who is mothers-to-be and you have an interest in the question: dry fruits in pregnancy. You will find many valuable facts on this specific topic, as well as tips, suggestions, opinions, and answers to help questions in relation to pregnancy, proper nutrition and diets.
Nuts help reduce the risk of hypertension, oxidative stress, and diabetes and may have a protective effect against age-related cognitive decline. To that list of beneficial effects on health is now added the evidence generated by a study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a center promoted by & # 8221; la Caixa & # 8221;: a rich diet in nuts during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with better long-term neuropsychological development in boys and girls .
The research, published in the European Journal of Epidemiology , has been carried out in Spain with more than 2,200 mother and child couples i nscribed in the cohorts of Asturias, Guipúzcoa, Sabadell and Valencia of the INMA-Childhood and Environment Project. The information on the intake of nuts was obtained from questionnaires on eating habits that the mothers answered in the first and last trimesters of pregnancy . The neuropsychological development of the boys and girls was assessed by means of various internationally validated standard tests carried out a year and a half, 5 years and 8 years after birth .
The results showed that the boys and girls belonging to the group with a higher maternal consumption of nuts during the first trimester of pregnancy obtained better results in all the tests performed to measure cognitive function, attention span and working memory .
& # 8220; This is the first study that deals with the possible benefits of eating nuts during pregnancy on long-term neurodevelopment. Since the brain undergoes a series of complex processes during the gestation phase, maternal nutrition is a determining factor for an adequate neurodevelopment of the fetus with long-term effects & # 8221 ;, explains Florence Gignac , researcher ISGlobal and first author of the study. & # 8220; The fruits that we have taken into account are walnuts, almonds, peanuts, pine nuts and hazelnuts . We think that the beneficial effects found could be due to its high content of folic acid and, above all, in essential fatty acids, such as omega-3 or omega-6 strong >. These components tend to accumulate in nervous tissues, mainly in the frontal areas of the brain, which influence memory and executive functions & # 8221;, she adds. P>
The benefits described in this study were observed in the group that declared a higher consumption of nuts, with a weekly average of slightly less than three servings of 30 grams each, a slightly lower amount to that recommended by the Healthy Eating Guide of the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC), which is between three and seven servings per week. & # 8220; This makes us think that if the average consumption were adapted to the recommendations, the benefits could be much broader & # 8221 ;, says Florence Gignac. Despite this, it is estimated that the consumption of nuts in Spain is more than double the European average (4.8 g vs. 2.2 g).
The research also analyzed the intake of nuts during the third trimester of pregnancy , although in this case no associations were observed with neuropsychological development or the associations found were weaker. & # 8220; It is not the first time that we have observed that the effects of a certain exposure are more pronounced when it occurs at a specific stage of pregnancy. Although our study does not allow us to explain the causes of this difference between the first and third trimesters, in the scientific literature there is speculation that the rate of development is not the same throughout the entire pregnancy, with periods of special sensitivity towards the maternal diet & # 8221 ;, details Jordi Júlvez , ISGlobal researcher and last author of the study.
& # 8220; In any case, this is a first study on the subject, so it is advisable to take the results with caution and try to reproduce them in the future through more cohort studies and randomized controlled trials & # 8221 ;, Júlvez underlines.
Gignac F, Romaguera D, Fernández-Barrés S, Phillipat C, Garcia-Esteban R, López-Vicente M, Vioque J, Fernández-Somoano A, Tardón A, Iñiguez C, Lopez-Espinosa MJ, García de la Hera M, Amiano P, Ibarluzea J, Guxens M, Sunyer J, Julvez J. Maternal nut intake in pregnancy and child neuropsychological development up to 8 years old: A population-based cohort study in Spain. European Journal of Epidemiology (EJEP) . May 2019. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007 / s10654-019-00521-6
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