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Food poisoning during pregnancy
- Food poisoning (foodborne illness) happens when you eat or drink something that has harmful bacteria (germs) on it.
- Normal body changes during pregnancy can put you at greater risk for food poisoning.
- During pregnancy, food poisoning can cause serious problems for you and your baby, including premature birth, miscarriage, and stillbirth.
- Wash your hands before handling food and learn how to prepare it safely. Do not eat foods that commonly cause food poisoning.
- If you think you have food poisoning, call your healthcare professional right away.
What What is listeriosis and how can it affect pregnancy?
Listeriosis is a type of food poisoning caused by the bacteria Listeria . During pregnancy, you can pass the bacteria to your baby. This can cause problems such as:
. It happens when the baby dies in the womb before 20 weeks of pregnancy. or be a dead man. It happens when the baby dies in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy. . These are labor and delivery that happen too early, before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Babies born prematurely can have health problems at birth and later in life. . It happens when a baby born weighing less than 5 pounds 8 ounces.
- Deadly infections for your baby, including bacteria in the blood (called bacteremia) and meningitis. Meningitis is an infection that causes swelling of the brain and spinal cord. Infected babies can have health problems after birth, including seizures, blindness, and brain, heart, and kidney problems.
Listeria can be found in soil, water, animals, and animal droppings. The most common cause of listeriosis is eating foods that have Listeria . The foods most likely to have Listeria include:
- Unpasteurized milk and products made with it. If the milk is pasteurized, it has been heated to kill germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels.
- Soft cheeses such as feta, Brie, Camembert, Roquefort and Mexican style cheeses such as queso fresco, queso blanco, Panela and Asadero
- Cold cuts, hot dogs, juice from hot dogs, and dried sausages that are cooled or at room temperature
- Unwashed fruits, vegetables or sprouts
- Cold salads from delis shops or salad bars
- Chilled patties or meats spreads (canned spreads are safe)
- Refrigerated smoked seafood, including those called “nova-style”, “lox”, “kippered”, “smoked” and “jerky”
How do you know if you have listeriosis?
The signs and symptoms of listeriosis usually begin a few days after eating food contaminated with Listeria , but may not appear for up to 2 months. They are usually mild and flu-like. Your healthcare professional can do a blood test to see if you have listeriosis.
Call your healthcare professional right away if you have:
- Confusion or balance problems
- Fever or chills
- Muscle aches
- Nauseas (feeling sick to your stomach) or diarrhea
- Stiff neck
What is salmonellosis and how can it affect pregnancy?
Salmonellosis is a type of food poisoning caused by the bacteria Salmonella . Salmonellosis can cause problems during pregnancy, including:
- Dehydration. That means that you do not have enough water in your body. Signs and symptoms of dehydration include feeling dizzy or weak, fast heart rate, dark-colored urine, and dry mouth and lips.
- Reactive arthritis (also called Reiter’s syndrome). This disorder can cause swelling or pain in the joints, such as the knees, ankles, and toes.
You can pass salmonellosis to your baby. During pregnancy. If your baby born with salmonellosis, may have diarrhea and fever after delivery. You may also develop meningitis.
You can get Salmonella in two ways:
1. By touching an infected animal. Salmonella can be found in the droppings, soil, water (even fish tank water), food, and cage fillers of infected animals, including pets. Germs Salmonella can easily spread to the animal’s fur, feathers, and scales. Animals that are most common carriers of Salmonella include reptiles (turtles, lizards, snakes) and birds (chickens, ducks, and geese).
2. By eating food contaminated with Salmonella . These foods look and smell normal even if they are contaminated.
Foods that frequently have Salmonella include:
- Raw or undercooked poultry, beef or fish meats. Cooking them thoroughly kills the Salmonella.
- Raw or undercooked eggs and foods made with them. Salmonella can pass from chickens to their eggs. Even normal-looking eggs can have Salmonella. Do not eat foods made with raw eggs, such as homemade mayonnaise, hollandaise sauce, Caesar salad dressing, raw cookie dough, toppings or homemade ice cream and frosting.
- Unpasteurized milk, dairy products and juices or foods made from them. Milk and juices are often pasteurized. Look for the word “pasteurized” on the product label.
- Food that comes into contact with animal droppings on the ground or in the water where they grow. These include mushrooms, fruits, vegetables, and sprouts such as alfalfa, clover, radishes, and mung beans.
- Foods that come into contact with Salmonella while you are in it preparing or serving. For example, if you are infected and do not wash their hands after using the bathroom, they can transmit the infection to food. Or if you use the same knife to cut raw chicken and tomatoes, and don’t wash it in between, the knife can transfer Salmonella from the chicken to the tomatoes.
How do you know if you have salmonellosis?
You may be at higher risk for salmonellosis if:
- You have less acid in your stomach from taking heartburn medications (called antacids), such as Tums & reg; .
- He recently took antibiotics. These are drugs that kill infections caused by bacteria.
- You have a digestive disorder called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Digestion is the body’s process of breaking down food after eating it.
- You have a weak immune system or a disease such as HIV, sickle cell disease, or malaria
- Travel to places that do not have good sanitation systems. That means they don’t have toilets and clean water for cooking and washing.
- Has a pet bird or reptile
- Live and eat in group housing as a student dormitory
Signs of salmonellosis usually begin noon to 3 days after contact and last 4 to 7 days. To detect salmonellosis, your healthcare professional takes a sample of your stool and sends it to a laboratory for testing.
Call your healthcare professional immediately if you have any of the signs or symptoms of salmonellosis, including:
- Pain in the abdomen
- Blood in stools or urine that is dark or amber in color
- Fever or chills
- Muscle aches
- Nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting
How is food poisoning treated?
Treatment depends on how sick you are. You may not need treatment, or your provider may need to treat you with antibiotics for you and your baby. take no chances. If you have food poisoning, drink plenty of water to stay hydrated (have water in your body). If it is severely dehydrated (you do not have enough water in your body), you may need to go to the hospital for treatment.
How can you protect yourself? herself and her baby from food poisoning during pregnancy?
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